Recent Lok Sabha Polls may have mandated the Stable Government at the Center, however so far India fails to make a stable administration at the State level, which is as important as the stable central government to the people of India. Govt changes every five years but the problem remains unsolved due to differences.
The uncertainties and the war of words at the state level is the same kind of concern that people of India had faced the unstable government at the center in the mid of 1990s and even many times since the independence. The recent war between the Congress Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) has sparked the war in politics just few months after the conclusion of recent elections, which mandated the stable government at the center stage. But does it able to make a stable administration at the state level?
Some of the most disturbed Indian states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orrisa, Jharkhand, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland and few other states are facing the uncertainties at the ground level with the rising risk of Terrorism, Diseases, Poverty, Starvation and many other state level issues that are still unresolved.
Central Government is incapable of implementing the targets of Five Year Plan or the sectoral reforms due to the clash between the state governments while the state governments are accusing the central government of incapable to fund in the growth of the state. There are lot major issues which cannot be resolved by the central government alone and the fighting between the both level of governments will hinder the growth of the nation. We have noted down some of the most prominent areas of the discussion which draws attention even after the successful election.
The weaker monsoon this year will add more pressure on the country’s farmers. The crop productivity this year is expected to fall and the country could face the deficit of the availability of foodgrain in the coming months. Though the agriculture sector contributes 17% to the Indian GDP, however it employs millions of people to work on. According to the relevent data, more than 70% of the 1.1 billion people is in rural area, in which millions of people are below poverty line and the rest are engaged in the agriculture sector.
Whenever India receives the monsoon lower than the average, many farmers were forced to commit suicide due to financial stress. India has inadequate infrastructure, irrigation infrastructure and services in rural areas which actually makes the life of farmers a netherworld. Financial services are also a major setback for the rural parts of India. Even after the economic openness, farmers are still raising funds through Landlords (popularly known as Zamindar in India) and they forcibly acquire the land incase of non repayment. Severe land regulations such as banning or restrictions on renting land has made tough for the landless farmers to get access to land which actually discouraging the rural investments.
Availability of finances is the another major factor of concern for the farmers. Regional Rural banks – on an average are sitting in a huge loss with the mounting non performing assets (NPA) in their accounts, including no regulatory framework for these banks and high risk involved in transaction to the agriculture sector making them resistant to provide credit facility to the farmers. Even the govt has made an effort to support the rural development, however the inefficient use of public funds and lower accountability by the officials making these efforts dud. Last year, Government of India has waived off the debt availed by the farmers. However it doesn’t help at all as the farmers got the benefits only for a year despite this initiative to reduce the burden, they’re still facing tough situation after the scanty monsoon this year.
On Health & Security
Terrorism, hunger, widespread eradicable diseases are common in India which has a way to counter them, however the poor adminitration is making these things possible in the country. According to the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), India ranks 66 out of 88 countries in the world, in which Madhya Pradesh is the hardest hit state.
India State Hunger Index Map (By IFPRI)
The severity of hunger situation in India is a serious problem and needs an immediate attention from the policymakers. Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Assam are at least in better position than the other states. The major health related issues like the child underweight is almost subsist in all states. This needs the health intervention to all women of reproductive age, pregnant and lactating women and children under the age of two. In many villages, the government controlled medical centers ( or Chikitshalya in Hindi) are running for this purpose, however the shortage of doctors and medical aid in the tribal areas and other remote places is making these medical centers trivial. There is a need for strict supervision of the local administrations in that type places so that the government initiatives will continue to work for them.
Terrorism is the prominent issues to be discussed nowadays. India putting pressure on Pakistan after terror attacks in Mumbai last Nov, to do justice for the victims of Mumbai Attacks and it is in under process and we know it will take number years to complete. Since we can understand, India is still unprepared for the possible terrorist attack (hope, not to happen such things) as the government has not done anything for the security yet. Eastern parts of India witnesses violence everyday by Maoist or Naxals. India should need to preclude these acts immediately.
India’s Agriculture sector has a potential to attract lot of investments however it need lot of measures too to improve that sector. Government of India has taken several initiatives including the recent project of setting up Agriculture Innovation Project in association with the World Bank. The major problems are discussed in brief:
- Availability of Finance by restructuring the Regional Rural Banks (RRB). RRB’s major shareholders are State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce and other major public sector banks.
- Improving Irrigation infrastructure. India is the country which highly prone to the severe floods and witnesses it every year.
- Needs immediate overhaul of land deal rules. Landless farmers do not have access to the lands due to strict rules on renting or using the farm land in India. It’ll encourage both landless farmers and even the seasonal farmers.
- Use of higher technology in agriculture sector. Many poor farmers are still using traditional tools for the irrigation purpose.
- There is an urgent need for basic infrastructure in rural areas. This will enhance the
- Access to Government Warehouses for storing the foodgrain. Central Warehouse Corporation is the major player in this. There is a problem of logistics to travel their crop to the warehouse to store them.
- The lower margin in crop business to the farmers is discouraging the investment in India’s agriculture sector.
- Transportation system is not very effective for the transition of crops to Warehouses.
Our intention is not to harm the image of any political party and we are never intended to publish any kind of information that will hurt the people’s sentiment. What we’ve delivered here is to get the attention of the Central Government and the State Government to justify their existence in the center and the administrative level so that they can put some concern into the issues which needs to resolve. The infirmity between the center and the state will hamper the growth of India and the stable central government will be considered as futile as there is no objective for the country and their inhabitants.